Netherlands AntillesDutch Nederlandse AntillenPapiamentu Antianan Hulandesgroup of five islands in the Caribbean Sea that formerly constituted an autonomous part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The group is composed of two widely separated subgroups approximately miles km apart.

The northern group is made up of Sint EustatiusSabaand Sint Maarten the southern part of the island of Saint Martin ; the northern part, Saint-Martinis an overseas collectivity of France. After the Netherlands Antilles were an integral part of the Netherlands, with full autonomy in internal affairs.

In the Dutch government and the remaining five islands agreed to dissolve the Netherlands Antilles within the following several years. The event took place on October 10, None of the islands chose full independence. Bonaire, Saba, and Sint Eustatius became special municipalities with closer relations to the central government, similar to those of the municipalities in the Netherlands proper.

This article discusses the Netherlands Antilles as a historical entity as it existed at the time of its dissolution. The islands consist mainly of igneous rocks and are fringed with coral reefs. It is indented in the south by deep bays, the largest of which, Schottegat, provides a magnificent harbour for Willemstad. Sint Eustatius covers 8 square miles 21 square km and Saba 5 square miles 13 square km ; the two form the northwestern terminus of the inner volcanic arc of the Lesser Antilles.

Saba is dominated by Mount Scenery and is surrounded by sea cliffs.

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The villages of The Bottom and Windward Side, occupying an old crater, are approached by a steep road from a rocky landing place on the southern coast. For the most part, the islands have barren soil and little or no fresh water. Drinking water on these islands is obtained mainly by distilling seawater. The islands lie west of the usual tropical cyclone hurricane zone. Precipitation in the south is low and variable, often less than 22 inches mm per year.

The climate is similar in the northern islands, but there is more precipitation, and hurricanes are more common. The annual precipitation is greatest on Sint Eustatius and Saba, which receive averages of about 42 inches 1, mm and 47 inches 1, mmrespectively, mainly between May and November.The Netherlands Antilles are located north of Venezuela with a population of approximatelypeople.

Technically, they are a constituent part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands but, in reality, are self-governing save for defence and foreign affairs. The Netherlands Antilles N. Offshore Companies together with Dutch Companies have been very attractive combinations to tax planners from countries having favourable tax treaties with Holland. In addition to the favorable Tax arrangements with Holland, the features that make the Netherlands Antilles particularly interesting for establishing offshore investment, holding and real estate companies, include:.

The population of the Netherlands Antilles isJuly est. Population growth rate: 1. The Netherlands Antilles achieved autonomy inalthough it still forms part of the Kingdom of The Netherlands. Foreign affairs and defence remain the responsibility of The Netherlands. The Netherlands Antilles Government function under a democratic system which is derived from the European parliamentary systems.

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The Netherlands Antilles is regarded as one of the most stable democracies in the region. Hence, NACOs are known for being domiciled in a modern and stable jurisdiction. Tourism, petroleum transhipment, and offshore finance are the mainstays of this small economy, which is closely tied to the outside world.

curaçao dutch antilles

The islands enjoy a high per capita income and a well-developed infrastructure as compared with other countries in the region. Almost all consumer and capital goods are imported, with Venezuela, the US, and Mexico being the major suppliers. Poor soils and inadequate water supplies hamper the development of agriculture. Curacao is one of the most developed islands in the region, with a good infrastructure.

Its large International airport can easily handle several jumbo jets simultaneously. Its container terminal and dry-dock are among the largest and most advanced in the Western Hemisphere. A substantial and modern oil refinery and Free Zone also utilise the facilities in and around the natural harbour.

Curacao has well maintained roads and its telecommunication facilities link it with direct dealing anywhere. The main sources of income are derived from the oil refinery, the Free Zone and the financial services industry of Curacao, as well as tourism in all five islands.With the proclamation of the Charter for the Kingdom of the Netherlands on 15 Decemberthe Netherlands Antilles attained equal status with the Netherlands proper and Suriname in the overarching Kingdom of the Netherlands.

Under the terms of the Anglo-Dutch Treaty ofthe Netherlands regained control over its West Indies colonies, with the exception of DemeraraEssequiboand Berbice. In the newly established United Kingdom of the Netherlandsthese colonies were organized in the following way before October 10, As a cost-reducing measure, the three colonies were merged into a single West Indies colony ruled from Paramaribo, Suriname, in This proved to be an unhappy arrangement, causing it to be partially reverted in This new basic law followed on a revision of the Dutch constitution inin which all references to "colony" were deleted.

This changed after the conclusion of the Second World War. Queen Wilhelmina had promised in a speech to offer autonomy to the overseas territories of the Netherlands, and British and American occupation—with consent by the Dutch government—of the islands during the war led to increasing demands for autonomy within the population as well. In Maya new constitution for the territory entered into force, allowing the largest amount of autonomy allowed under the Dutch constitution of Among other things, universal suffrage was introduced.

The territory was renamed to "Netherlands Antilles" as well.

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After the Dutch constitution was revised ina new interim Constitution of the Netherlands Antilles was enacted in February A consolidated version of this regulation remained in force until the dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles in The new constitution was only deemed an interim arrangement, as negotiations for a Charter for the Kingdom were already underway.

On 15 Decemberthe Netherlands Antilles, Suriname, and the Netherlands acceded as equal partners to an overarching Kingdom of the Netherlands as established in the Charter for the Kingdom of the Netherlands. With this move, the United Nations deemed decolonization of the territory complete and removed it from the United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories.

List of Islands of the Netherlands Antilles

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Map of the Caribbean, Main article: Dutch Caribbean. Dutch Empire. Colonies and trading posts of the Dutch East India Company — Bengal Persia Suratte. Bantam Malabar West coast of Sumatra. Colonies and trading posts of the Dutch West India Company — Settlements of the Noordsche Compagnie — Jan Mayen Smeerenburg. Colonies of the Kingdom of the Netherlands — Bengal Coromandel Malacca Suratte.

Gold Coast. Dutch East Indies. New Guinea. Kingdom of the Netherlands —present. Bonaire Saba Sint Eustatius. Hidden categories: Articles containing Dutch-language text Articles containing Papiamento-language text Pages using infobox country or infobox former country with the flag caption or type parameters.

Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history.Formerly the capital of the Netherlands Antilles prior to its dissolution init has an estimated population ofThe historic centre of the city consists of four quarters: the Punda and Otrobandawhich are separated by the Sint Anna Bayan inlet that leads into the large natural harbour called the Schottegat, as well as the Scharloo and Pietermaai Smal quarters, which are across from each other on the smaller Waaigat harbour.

Punda was established inwhen the Dutch captured the island from Spain. The original name of Punda was de punt in Dutch. Otrobandawhich was founded inis the newer section of the city and is considered to be the cultural centre of Willemstad. Its name originated from the Papiamentu otro bandawhich means "the other side". Tourism is a major industry and the city has several casinos.

The city centre of Willemstad has an array of colonial architecture that is influenced by Dutch styles.

curaçao dutch antilles

Archaeological research has also been developed there. Owing to its location near the Venezuelan oilfields, its political stability and its natural deep water harbour, Willemstad became the site of an important seaport and refinery. Willemstad's harbour is one of the largest oil handling ports in the Caribbean.

The refinery, at one point the largest in the world, was originally built and owned by Royal Dutch Shell in Schlumbergerthe world's largest oil field services company is incorporated in Willemstad. The Caribbean Medical University [8] is also located in Willemstad, close to the city centre. The race was won by Danish racing driver John Nielsen. They were crowned the International Champions in and Punda and Otrobanda are connected by Queen Emma Bridgea long pontoon bridge.

Although it is still in use, these days most road traffic now uses the Queen Juliana Bridge built in rebuilt which arches high over the bay further inland. Nearby is also the now non-functioning Queen Wilhelmina drawbridge. Sunshine is plentiful year round. Precipitation peaks from October to December.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Willemstad, Netherlands Antilles. Former capital of the Netherlands Antillies. For other uses, see Willemstad disambiguation. For the Indian film, see Punda film.

Netherlands Antilles

Retrieved on 21 March Retrieved Retrieved 1 April New York Times. Retrieved October 3, Retrieved 21 March Retrieved 28 May National Football Teams. Capital Cities Climate Rivers. Association football Pan American Games Sportspeople.

Kingdom of the Netherlands Netherlands Antilles.It is part of the Dutch Caribbean region alongside other islands that are also found on this side of the world. Many people often wonder whether Curacao is a country or not, as the political status of this island is very confusing to some. But, not many know that Curacao is a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. So, if you are wondering about whether Curacao is a country or not, then the straight answer is yes.

If you would like to know more about Curacao and to fully understand its political, economic and social status, then I will definitely recommend you to continue reading this article. In terms of its geography, the highest point of the island is Mount Christoffelberb 1, ft above the sea level.

Also, Curacao boasts a semi-arid climate with a dry season that goes from January to September, while its wet season goes from October to December. Curacao is also a great destination for tourists who like to enjoy the warm sun and perfect weather all-year-round that the Caribbean has to offer, without worrying about hurricanes as this island lies just outside the hurricane belt.

Curacao Island // Dutch Antilles full episode Visit Curacao

Before the Europeans arrived, the Arawak and the Caquetio Amerindians were the inhabitants of this island, as they had migrated many years before from South America. Back inthe Dutch started to colonize this island after they gained their independence from Spain. This Caribbean island has been filled with different economic activities such as salt mining, duty-free shopping, tourism, etc. At first, the country was part of what was known as the Curacao and Dependencies colony that lasted from toand then in up toit was part of the Netherlands Antilles.

This is why -even to these days — you will be able to see impressive buildings that are colonial in the capital city of Willemstad, as the Dutch colonists would make impressive amounts of money and would invest it all in building these houses. It was in when the island was incorporated to the Colony of Curacao and Dependencies and slavery was abolished almost 50 years later, in Curacao almost became a country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands inhowever, back inthis process was delayed due to a rejection made by the island council.

Nowadays Curacao is called the Country of Curacao, cementing its own status as a legitimate country. Curacao is a very nice and safe island which is perfect for tourists.

Are you wondering how expensive Curacao is or what time it is best to travel to Curacao? You can find that in my articles linked in this paragraph. On Octoberthe dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles came into full effect, so, this meant that Curacao automatically became a country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands.

However, Curacao was about to have a Prime Minister of its own. Even though Curacao is a constituent country that belongs to the Kingdom of the Netherlands, it still has its own Prime Minister, so the political situation is that they have a parliamentary representative democracy.

Whereas the Prime Minister of Curacao is the head of Government. Furthermore, Curacao has full autonomy on its territory, however, there are some matters that have exceptions and that are presented on the Charter for the Kingdom of the Netherlands, so the judicial system in Curacao must appeal to this Charter in order to find the solutions to their problems.

A polyglot person is someone who speaks more than three languages fluently. In the case of this Caribbean island, the official languages that most people speak are Dutch, English and Papiamentu.

The Dutch language is officially used for all legal and administrative matters. However, most people are also able to hold a conversation in Spanish, French and Portuguese.

Another interesting fact about Curacao is that it is one of the few places on earth where a creole language is used as the main language in education. In fact, creole was introduced in as the main language of primary school education.

Spanish has also had a special connection with Curacao, mainly because there has also been a close relationship with nearby countries such as Venezuela and Colombia.

Whereas the English language has been thoroughly used since the British took over Curacao for a couple of years. This beautiful island has everything you need to have a beautiful vacation where you will be able to enjoy sandy beaches, crystal clear water and friendly people from all over the world.

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I am from the Netherlands and I created this website to inform tourists who are planning to visit the beautiful Dutch Caribbean. This website is full of tips, tricks, and personal experience. The history of Curacao Before the Europeans arrived, the Arawak and the Caquetio Amerindians were the inhabitants of this island, as they had migrated many years before from South America.It is a constituent country Dutch : land of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.

A persistent but undocumented story says that in the 16th and 17th centuries—the early years of European exploration—sailors on long voyages often got scurvy from lack of vitamin C. When their ship returned, some had recovered, likely cured from scurvy after eating fruit with vitamin C. They were believed to have migrated from the Amazon Basin.

The first Europeans recorded as seeing the island were members of a Spanish expedition under the leadership of Alonso de Ojeda in The approximately 30 Spaniards and many of the indigenous were deported to Santa Ana de Coro in Venezuela. Dutch colonists started to occupy it.

curaçao dutch antilles

Later, salt mining became a major industry, the mineral being a lucrative export at the time. His fleet—12 men of warthree fireships, two transports, a hospital ship, and 12 privateers—met with disaster, losing seven men-of-war and two other ships when they struck reefs off the Las Aves archipelago.

They had made a serious navigational error, hitting the reefs on 11 Maya week after setting sail from Saint Kitts. Landhouses former plantation estates and West African style kas di pal'i maishi former slave dwellings are scattered all over the island. After a month, the slave owners suppressed the revolt. Netherlands established economic ties with Viceroyalty of New Granadawhich included the present-day countries of Colombia and Venezuela.

During the 18th and 19th centuries, the British attacked the island several times, most notably in, and from to The Dutch abolished slavery inbringing a change in the economy with the shift to wage labor. Other former slaves had nowhere to go and remained working for the plantation owner in the tenant farmer system. This system lasted until the beginning of the 20th century.

Curaçao and Dependencies

Historically, Dutch was not widely spoken on the island outside of colonial administration; its use increased in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Teaching of Spanish was restored when Dutch rule resumed in Also, efforts were made to introduce bilingual popular education in Dutch and Papiamentu in the late 19th century. Crude oil production in Venezuela was inexpensive. The integrated companies Shell and Exxon controlled the entire industry, from pumping, transporting, and refining to marketing.

This provided a safety net for losses incurred through inefficiency or excessive operating costs at the refineries. In response, the Dutch increased their military presence on the island. Shell's refinery there operated with significant losses from toand again from to Persistent losses, global overproductionstronger competition, and low market expectations threatened the refinery's future.

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This came at a crucial moment. The offshore industry financial services also experienced a downturn because of new U. In the mids, Shell sold the refinery for the symbolic amount of one Antillean guilder to a local government consortium.

The aging refinery has been the subject of lawsuits in recent years, which charge that its emissions, including sulfur dioxide and particulate matterfar exceed safety standards. Continuing economic hardship in the late s and early s resulted in much emigration to the Netherlands. On 28 Novemberthis was delayed when the island council rejected a clarification memorandum on the process. A new island council ratified this agreement on 9 July The dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles came into effect on 10 October The kingdom is also to oversee the island's finances under a debt-relief arrangement agreed between the two.

He was succeeded in by Stanley Betrianad interim. After elections in Daniel Hodge became the third prime minister on 31 December Guajira-Barranquilla xeric scrub is the most notable, with various forms of cactithorny shrubs, evergreenand the watapana tree, Latin name: Libidibia coriaria ; called divi-divi on Aruba, characteristic for the ABC islands and the national symbol of Aruba.The Dutch Caribbean historically known as the Dutch West Indies are the territories, colonies, and countries, former and current, of the Dutch Empire and the Kingdom of the Netherlands in the Caribbean Sea.

They are in the north and south-west of the long Lesser Antilles archipelago.

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The autonomy of the Netherlands Antilles' island territories was stipulated in the Islands Regulation of the Netherlands Antilles.

The island of Aruba seceded from the Netherlands Antilles in to become a separate constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlandsleaving five island territories within the Netherlands Antilles. This situation remained until the complete dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles as a unified political entity in The Netherlands proper is located in the European Union. The Netherlands is the fourth and largest constituent country in the Kingdom.

Sint Maarten comprises approximately one half of the island of Saint Martin. The northern half of the island — the Collectivity of Saint Martin — is an overseas territory of France. The three Caribbean islands that are special municipalities of the Netherlands alone are BonaireSint Eustatiusand Saba. Collectively, these special municipalities of the Netherlands are also known as the " BES islands " or the Caribbean Netherlands.

Those countries and special municipalities of the Kingdom of the Netherlands that are located in the Caribbean blue background form the Dutch Caribbean.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Parts of the Kingdom of the Netherlands located in the Caribbean. For the integral territories of the constituent country of the Netherlands, see Caribbean Netherlands. Flag of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Sint Maarten. Main article: Caribbean Netherlands. Government of the Netherlands. Archived from the original on 2 July Retrieved 4 June Netherlands Embassy in the United Kingdom.

Dutch Caribbean

Archived from the original on 19 January Dutch Government in Dutch. Archived from the original on 25 June Retrieved 20 November Islands of the Dutch Caribbeanthe former Netherlands Antilles.

Dutch Empire. Colonies and trading posts of the Dutch East India Company — Bengal Persia Suratte. Bantam Malabar West coast of Sumatra.